News

Below is our archive of news articles.

September 15, 2008

Alfalfa is an introduced, cultivated species in North America and the fourth largest U.S. crop by land area. Although the majority of the domestic market is not sensitive to genetically engineered alfalfa, much of the export hay and seed markets are sensitive to adventitious presence. The new CAST Special Publication Gene Flow in Alfalfa: Biology, Mitigation, and Potential Impact on Production provides an overview of agronomic practices and biology to be considered in developing strategies that allow producers of conventional, organic, and biotechnology-derived alfalfa to coexist in the marketplace.  (September 2008)

August 12, 2008
Disease has contributed significantly to the decline of bighorn sheep populations throughout much of western North America, imperiling some populations and subspecies.  Pasteurellosis Transmission Risks between Domestic and Wild Sheep is a new Commentary from CAST that reviews current knowledge on pneumonic pasteurellosis in domestic and wild sheep, the risks of transmission between these species, and approaches for lowering the overall risk of epidemics in wild sheep. (August 2008)
July 1, 2008
Safe, effective disposal of swine carcasses in both routine and catastrophic circumstances is essential for human and animal health, environmental protection, and aesthetics. Swine Carcass Disposal Options for Routine and Catastrophic Mortality, a new Issue Paper from CAST, describes traditional disposal methods (burial, incineration, rendering, and composting) as well as alternative and nontraditional technologies (extended storage, alkaline hydrolysis, anaerobic digestion, and gasification). (July 2008)
May 5, 2008
Vaccine Development Using Recombinant DNA Technology is the seventh in a nine-part CAST series entitled Animal Agriculture's Future through Biotechnology.  Infectious animal diseases continue to rank foremost among the significant factors limiting efficient production in animal agriculture.  This new Issue Paper provides details about specific diseases and vaccines.  The authors offer an historical overview of vaccine development, evaluate the development of vaccines for many animals, describe commercially available vaccines, outline recent advances in recombinant vaccines, and discuss the future of vaccines for animal diseases. (May 2008)
March 19, 2008
Water Quality and Quantity Issues for Turfgrasses in Urban Landscapes, a new CAST Special Publication, is the result of a workshop at which scientists, researchers, environmentalists, and water specialists joined together to discuss the issues facing the turfgrass and water industries.  This publication addresses the science of turfgrass and other landscape materials, water use, and the related environmental concerns, while realizing that the ultimate goal is to provide quality urban areas for activities and recreation while conserving and protecting our water supply. (March 2008)
December 12, 2007

Implications of Gene Flow in the Scale-up and Commercial Use of Biotechnology-derived Crops: Economic and Policy Considerations identifies the nature of gene flow related to biotech crops and the limited conditions under which it can lead to economic problems.  The Issue Paper addresses regulatory, policy, and research topics in the context of gene flow of biotech crops. (December 2007)

November 5, 2007

Several candidate biofuel feedstock species being considered for commercial production in the United States are invasive pests in other regions where they have been introduced.  This new CAST Commentary, Biofuel Feedstocks: The Risk of Future Invasions, describes the potential risk of dedicated biofuel species becoming weedy or invasive and provides a process to quantify and minimize this risk. (November 2007)

October 30, 2007

Avian influenza (AI), a viral disease of poultry, has a complex epidemiology, and the correct use of poultry vaccines is a critical component of overall control and eradication. CAST is releasing two new publications, Avian Influenza Vaccines: Focusing on H5N1 High Pathogenicity Avian Influenza (HPAI), with a Comprehensive Bibliography (Special Publication) and Avian Influenza Vaccinations: A Commentary Focusing on H5N1 High Pathogenicity Avian Influenza (CAST Commentary), that discuss the science of avian influenza vaccination and the art of controlling avian influenza.  The Special Publication also offers an analysis of previous AI vaccine campaigns. (October 2007)

October 30, 2007

Avian influenza (AI), a viral disease of poultry, has a complex epidemiology, and the correct use of poultry vaccines is a critical component of overall control and eradication. CAST is releasing two new publications, Avian Influenza Vaccines: Focusing on H5N1 High Pathogenicity Avian Influenza (HPAI), with a Comprehensive Bibliography (Special Publication) and Avian Influenza Vaccinations: A Commentary Focusing on H5N1 High Pathogenicity Avian Influenza (CAST Commentary), that discuss the science of avian influenza vaccination and the art of controlling avian influenza.  The Special Publication also offers an analysis of previous AI vaccine campaigns. (October 2007)

October 17, 2007

Whereas current biofuel production in the United States relies primarily on corn grain conversion to ethanol, future systems are expected to depend more heavily on crop biomass than on grain and seed.  Convergence of Agriculture and Energy: II. Producing Cellulosic Biomass for Biofuels addresses several critical questions on current issues and offers solutions for the future.  (October 2007) 

October 11, 2007
Probiotics: Their Potential to Impact Human Health addresses the biological processes and physiological benefits of probiotics. Written and reviewed by an international scientific task force, this new paper provides an overview of current developments and regulations and a preview of future applications. (October 2007)
May 14, 2007
The Role of Transgenic Livestock in the Treatment of Human Disease is the newest Issue Paper from CAST.  The authors describe the potential for transgenic livestock to advance the development of new medications and treatments of human disease and offer a brief overview of current production methods and challenges.  (May 2007)
July 12, 2006
Because the safety and availability of high-quality food and animal feedstuffs are critical to populations worldwide, CAST has published a new paper that addresses these issues.  Safety of Meat, Milk, and Eggs from Animals Fed Crops Derived from Modern Biotechnology is part 5 in a 9-part series “Animal Agriculture’s Future through Biotechnology.”  (July 2006)
July 12, 2006
Food animals are fed and produced for the purpose of feeding humans, and the manure of these animals is a valuable source of fertilizer. But concentrations of certain manure nutrients may exceed the needs for plant growth and cause environmental pollution.  The newest issue paper from CAST, Biotechnological Approaches to Manure Nutrient Management, looks at the resulting complex relationships among the animal industry, society, and governmental agencies.  (July 2006)
July 27, 2005
Agricultural scientists, livestock producers and processors, and consumers all have an interest in the effects of compounds known as metabolic modifiers. The newest Issue Paper from CAST provides an in-depth review of the classification, characteristics, and effects of these compounds. (July 2005)
February 17, 2005
A new Issue Paper, written and reviewed by a Task Force of seven leading experts in the field examines the nature of ethics as applied to agriculture. Among the topics discussed in relation to ethics are food safety and security, international trade, agricultural biotechnology, research, and public trust in science. (February 17, 2005)
February 15, 2005
CAST has called on the expertise and experience of scientists and researchers on the front lines of fighting animal diseases to produce its newest Issue Paper, . The paper discusses the severe economic, social, and political impacts of disease outbreaks and outlines national and international monitoring, surveillance, and response practices. (February 15, 2005)
November 8, 2004
The timely topic of bioenergy is discussed in the newest issue paper from CAST. is a collection of five stand-alone pieces that highlight the current science, processes, and potentials for energy production through agriculture. (November 8, 2004)
June 21, 2004
In this paper, the authors examine current and future concerns and benefits for using animals as organ and tissue donors. Topics include applications for xenotransplantation, impacts on human health, barriers to use, and ethical consideration. Second in a nine-part series on the topic "Animal Agriculture's Future through Biotechnology." (June 21, 2004)
June 15, 2004
Organized by a Steering Committee of 18 scientists, a multidisciplinary stakeholder meeting was held in April 2003 to discuss common issues related to pest resistance management. Following the meeting, fifty-two presentations were collected into Special Publication 24. (June 15, 2004)
May 11, 2004
New Task Force Report Examines Agriculture's Challenges and Opportunities in Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation. CAST has released its newest Task Force Report, which highlights agriculture's complex, pivotal role as both a source and a sink for the increase in greenhouse gas emissions. Written by a task force of 15 scientists, the comprehensive report outlines each of the three major greenhouse gases and identifies potential methods for their agricultural mitigation. Keith Paustian, Colorado State University, and Bruce Babcock, Iowa State University, cochaired the task force. (May 11, 2004) 
May 4, 2004
New Special Publication Results from CAST-sponsored Workshop. CAST has released its newest Special Publication, which distills the results of a 2-day workshop sponsored jointly by CAST and the U.S. Department of Agriculture - Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.  Dr. Michael Kenna of the U.S. Golf Association and Dr. William K. Hallman of Rutgers University cochaired the 11-member task force that wrote the publication. (May 4, 2004)
January 28, 2004
CAST has released its newest issue paper, which examines current intervention strategies as they are practiced at the farm, production, processing, and retail levels. Dr. Michael Doyle, University of Georgia, led the task force of nine authors and four reviewers that compiled this timely consideration of critical issues (January 28, 2004)
October 8, 2003
CAST has released its newest issue paper that identifies existing and emerging issues in the development and use of nutraceuticals. Dr. Mary Ellen Camire, University of Maine, led the six-person task force that developed this look at the rapidly growing field of nutraceutical research and product development. (October 8, 2003)

Tools

Month