Integrated Animal Waste Management

 
 

Task Force Co-chair

James Power
Alan Sutton

Task Force Members

Donald Day
Joseph Fontenot
D. Lynn Forster
Don Huber
Don Jones
Keith Kelling
Thomas McCaskey
James Moore
Lawson "Mac" Safley
Task Force Reports
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A broad spectrum of integrated manure management systems are available to collect, transfer, store, treat, and efficiently utilize a great variety of sources and nutrient qualities of animal manures. Cochairs: Alan L. Sutton, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, and James F. Power, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Lincoln, Nebraska. R128, ISBN 1-887383-08-5, November 1996, 87 pp., $20.00; Interpretive Summary, 1 p., free.

 

Table of Contents

Integrated Animal Waste Management: Contents

 


 

Interpretive Summary, 1
Integrated Animal Waste Management, 1
Review of Literature, 1
Future Research, Education, and Regulatory Policy Needs, 1

Executive Summary, 3
Economic Perspectives, 3
Environmental and Public Health Concerns, 5
Integrated Manure Management System Components, 7
Manure Nutrient Utilization through Land Application, 8
Recycling and Utilizing Manure for Purposes Other Than Plant Nutrition, 9
Animal Mortality Management, 9
Future Research, Educational Needs, and Regulatory Policy, 10
Research, 10
Education, 11
Regulatory Policy, 12

1 Introduction, 13
Domesticated Animal Agriculture: An Overview, 13
Historical Perspective, 13
Economic Perspectives, 19
Financial Considerations of the Livestock Production Sector, 19
Societal Concerns and Economic Impacts, 20
Nonpoint Source Pollution, 21
Other Factors and Government Policies Affecting Nonpoint Source Pollution, 22

2 Environmental and Public Health Concerns, 23
Water Quality, 23
Surface Water, 24
Ground Water, 27
Soil Quality, 28
Air Quality, 29
Odor, 29
Dust, 30
Aerial Microflora and Pests, 30
Other Environmental and Health Concerns, 31

3 Integrated Manure Management System Components, 34
Collection, 34
Storage, 36
Additional Components, 36
Treatment, 37
Utilization, 39

4 Manure Nutrient Utilization through Land Application, 40
Manure Nutrient Content, 40
Effects of Handling, Storage, and Application Systems on Nutrient Content of Manure, 41
Nutrient Availability, 42
Agronomic Effects of Manure, 42
Soil Physical Properties, 42
Soil Chemical Properties, 43
Soil Biological Properties, 45
Manure Effects on Crops, 45
Application Strategies, 46
Economic Value as a Nutrient Source, 46

5 Recycling and Utilizing Manure for Purposes Other Than Plant Nutrition, 48
Recycling Nutrients for Feed, 48
Conversion to Fuel and Energy, 50
Other Processes, 51

6 Animal Mortality Management, 54
Problem Magnitude, 54
Mortality Management Methods, 54
Composting, 54
Incineration, 55
Centralized Collection, 55
On-Farm Refrigeration, 55
On-Farm Freezer Unit, 56
Contained Burial, 56
Summary, 56

7 Future Research, Educational Needs, and Regulatory Policy, 57
Research, 57
Diet Modification, 57
Manure Treatment, 58
Soil Amendment, 58
Odor Control, 59
Economics, 60
New Technologies, 60
Education, 61
Training Experts, 61
Producers, 61
Regulatory Policy, 61

Appendix A: Tables, 63

Appendix B: Examples of Best Management Practices, 71
Nutrient Management, 71
Crop Factors, 71
Soil Factors, 71
Manure, 72
Site and Environment Factors, 72
Livestock on Pasture or Range, 72
Additional Recommendations, 72

Appendix C: Symbols and Abbreviations, 73

Appendix D: Glossary, 74

Literature Cited, 75

Index, 84



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