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Issue Papers - IP15 - June 2000

This issue paper helps pinpoint factors that need to be considered as farmers and others use soil tests as a guide to protecting the environment while producing economical food. The issue paper provides perspective on the increasingly important role of soil tests, which farmers have long used in making crop production decisions. Chair: Eugene J. Kamprath, Department of Soil Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh. IP15, June 2000, 12 pp., FREE. Available online ( AND in print (515-292-2125; fee for shipping/handling).

Issue Papers - IP14 - April 2000

The same farming practices that promote soil conservation can also decrease the amount of carbon dioxide accumulating in the atmosphere and threatening a global warming. Agricultural practices that conserve soil and increase productivity while improving soil quality also increase the amount of carbon-rich organic matter in soils, thereby providing a global depository for carbon dioxide drawn from the atmosphere by growing plants. Authors: Norman J. Rosenberg and Roberto C. Izaurralde, Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Washington, D.C. IP14, April 2000, 8 pp. OUT OF PRINT, Available as download only.

Issue Papers - IP13 - February 2000

Findings are presented on the growing danger to national forests, recreational, and agricultural lands from noxious weed infestations. These infestations are causing costly and irreparable damage to wetlands, wildlife habitat, wildlands, rangelands, and aquatic and riparian areas on public and private lands all across the United States, especially in popular western recreation states. The release of the paper was scheduled to coincide with National Invasive Weed Awareness Week, February 28 through March 3, 2000. Chair: Barbra H. Mullin, Montana Department of Agriculture, Helena. IP13, February 2000, 18 pp., FREE. Available online ( AND in print (515-292-2125; fee for shipping/handling).

Issue Papers - IP12 - December 1999

This issue paper is a summary of the recent scientific developments that underpin modern biotechnology and a discussion of the potential risks and benefits when these are applied to agricultural crops. This introductory paper is intended for a general audience. Released at the Third Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization in Seattle, December 2, 1999. Authors: Gabrielle J. Persley, The World Bank, Washington, D.C., and James N. Siedow, Department of Botany, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. IP12, December 1999, 8 pp., FREE. Available online ( AND in print (515-292-2125; fee for shipping/handling).

Task Force Reports - R135 - July 1999

A task force of 13 scientists discusses projected demand for human food and the importance of animal agriculture in meeting these needs. Chair: Eric Bradford, Department of Animal Science, University of California, Davis. R135, ISBN 1-887383-17-4, July 1999, 92 pp., $30.00; Interpretive Summary, 2 pp., free.

Task Force Reports - R134 - June 1999

A CAST task force of 6 scientists provides recommendations to help better understand all aspects of hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico and other areas of the world, and to decrease the Gulf hypoxic zone. Chair: John A. Downing, Department of Animal Ecology, Iowa State University, Ames. R134, ISBN 1-887383-16-6, June 1999, 44 pp., $20.00; Interpretive Summary, 2 pp., free.

Issue Papers - IP11 - March 1999

Scientists discuss the risks associated with sudden loss of pesticides due to the implementation of the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (FQPA) and suggest possible solutions. Chair: Mark E. Whalon, Center for Integrated Plant Systems, Michigan State University, East Lansing. IP11, March 1999, 14 pp., FREE. Available online ( AND in print (515-292-2125; fee for shipping/handling).

Task Force Reports - R133 - February 1999
Scientists offer 27 recommendations for preserving the full range of biological diversity and state that stewardship of biodiversity is an unavoidable permanent obligation of modern society. Cochairs: G. David Tilman, Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, and Donald N. Duvick, Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University, Ames. R133, ISBN 1-887383-15-8, February 1999, 33 pp., $15.00; Interpretive Summary, 2 pp., free.
Special Publications - SP22 - October 1998

Scientists offer 18 recommendations as a platform to focus and stimulate efforts toward food safety improvements. Cochairs: Peggy Foegeding, Department of Food Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, and Tanya Roberts, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Food and Rural Economics Division, Washington, D.C. SP22, ISBN 1-887383-14-X, October 1998, 45 pp., $15.00; Interpretive Summary, 2 pp., free.

Issue Papers - IP10 - October 1998

A panel of five members of the National Academy of Sciences formed by CAST examine the scientific merits of the Biotechnology Industry Organization response to the major conclusions reached by eleven professional scientific societies on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency proposal to regulate genes which make plants resistant to pests by means of genetic engineering under the same regulations developed for use of chemical pesticides applied to plants. Chair: Eugene Nester, Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle. IP10, October 1998, 8 pp., FREE. Available online ( AND in print (515-292-2125; fee for shipping/handling).