Issue Papers

Issue Papers - IP15 - June 2000

This issue paper helps pinpoint factors that need to be considered as farmers and others use soil tests as a guide to protecting the environment while producing economical food. The issue paper provides perspective on the increasingly important role of soil tests, which farmers have long used in making crop production decisions. Chair: Eugene J. Kamprath, Department of Soil Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh. IP15, June 2000, 12 pp., FREE. Available online (www.cast-science.org) AND in print (515-292-2125; fee for shipping/handling).

 
 
Issue Papers - IP14 - April 2000

The same farming practices that promote soil conservation can also decrease the amount of carbon dioxide accumulating in the atmosphere and threatening a global warming. Agricultural practices that conserve soil and increase productivity while improving soil quality also increase the amount of carbon-rich organic matter in soils, thereby providing a global depository for carbon dioxide drawn from the atmosphere by growing plants. Authors: Norman J. Rosenberg and Roberto C. Izaurralde, Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Washington, D.C. IP14, April 2000, 8 pp. OUT OF PRINT, Available as download only.

 
 
Issue Papers - IP13 - February 2000

Findings are presented on the growing danger to national forests, recreational, and agricultural lands from noxious weed infestations. These infestations are causing costly and irreparable damage to wetlands, wildlife habitat, wildlands, rangelands, and aquatic and riparian areas on public and private lands all across the United States, especially in popular western recreation states. The release of the paper was scheduled to coincide with National Invasive Weed Awareness Week, February 28 through March 3, 2000. Chair: Barbra H. Mullin, Montana Department of Agriculture, Helena. IP13, February 2000, 18 pp., FREE. Available online (www.cast-science.org) AND in print (515-292-2125; fee for shipping/handling).

 
 
Issue Papers - IP12 - December 1999

This issue paper is a summary of the recent scientific developments that underpin modern biotechnology and a discussion of the potential risks and benefits when these are applied to agricultural crops. This introductory paper is intended for a general audience. Released at the Third Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization in Seattle, December 2, 1999. Authors: Gabrielle J. Persley, The World Bank, Washington, D.C., and James N. Siedow, Department of Botany, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. IP12, December 1999, 8 pp., FREE. Available online (www.cast-science.org) AND in print (515-292-2125; fee for shipping/handling).

 
 
Issue Papers - IP11 - March 1999

Scientists discuss the risks associated with sudden loss of pesticides due to the implementation of the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (FQPA) and suggest possible solutions. Chair: Mark E. Whalon, Center for Integrated Plant Systems, Michigan State University, East Lansing. IP11, March 1999, 14 pp., FREE. Available online (www.cast-science.org) AND in print (515-292-2125; fee for shipping/handling).

 
 
Issue Papers - IP10 - October 1998

A panel of five members of the National Academy of Sciences formed by CAST examine the scientific merits of the Biotechnology Industry Organization response to the major conclusions reached by eleven professional scientific societies on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency proposal to regulate genes which make plants resistant to pests by means of genetic engineering under the same regulations developed for use of chemical pesticides applied to plants. Chair: Eugene Nester, Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle. IP10, October 1998, 8 pp., FREE. Available online (www.cast-science.org) AND in print (515-292-2125; fee for shipping/handling).

 
 
Issue Papers - IP 9 - August 1998

Discussion of the feasibility of applying the medical model of prescriptions to high-risk pesticides that are being reassessed following passage by Congress of the Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA) in 1996. Chair: Harold D. Coble, Department of Crop Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh. IP9, August 1998, 10 pp., FREE. Available online (www.cast-science.org) AND in print (515-292-2125; fee for shipping/handling).

 
 
Issue Papers - IP 8 - November 1997

The scientific evidence does not support restrictions in the consumption of salted, smoked, or nitrite-preserved foods by the U.S. population. Chair: Michael W. Pariza, Food Research Institute, University of Wisconsin-Madison. IP8, November 1997, 8 pp., FREE . Available online (www.cast-science.org) AND in print (515-292-2125; fee for shipping/handling).

 
 
Issue Papers - IP 7 - April 1996

Foodborne bacteria cause as many as 9,000 deaths in the United States annually; yet scientifically proven safe, low doses of pasteurizing radiation can kill over 99% of most foodborne bacteria. Radiation pasteurization safely controls foodborne pathogens on beef, pork, lamb, and seafood. Long-term animal feeding studies have demonstrated that radiation pasteurized or sterilized foods are safe and nutritious for humans.The process has been endorsed by the U.S. FDA, the USDA, the World Health Organization, the health authorities of 40 countries, and many other associations.Cochairs: Donald W. Thayer, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania, and Edward S. Josephson, University of Rhode Island, West Kingston. IP7, April 1996, 10 pp., FREE. Available online (www.cast-science.org) AND in print (515-292-2125; fee for shipping/handling).

 
 
Issue Papers - IP 6 - February 1996

For more than a century, crop price instability has dogged U.S. farmers. And in the past 60 years--despite federal subsidy and acreage reduction programs meant to stabilize farm income--farm numbers, farm populations, and rural prosperity have declined ominously. Public concerns over food safety, commodity program costs, and agricultural sustainability have become important policy issues.Restriction of research funding and crop support payments to major commodity crops has undermined the potential of new crops to alleviate related concerns and pressures.The search for and development of new crops is critical to U.S. agriculture and would improve its sustainability through diversification. Chair: Jules Janick, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. IP6, February 1996, 12 pp., FREE. Available online (www.cast-science.org) AND in print (515-292-2125; fee for shipping/handling).