Publications

Please browse our publications, listed in order of publish date (newest to oldest). If you would like to narrow the list by publication types, please click one of the menus on the left.

 

Issue Papers - IP59 - March 2018

This report examines the current U.S. regulatory system for GE crops, compares it with those of major trading partners, and considers the effects it has on agricultural biotechnology. The authors of this CAST Issue Paper show that despite foundational contributions requiring considerable public resource commitments for GE crop innovation and development, academic institutions and small private entities have been almost entirely excluded from the agricultural biotechnology market. The regulatory system needs to be adjusted, or "public, academic, and small business entities will continue to be frustrated in using these safe tools to deliver useful products." Chair: Alan McHughen (Chair), University of California, Riverside. IP59, March 2018, 20 pp. FREE. Available online and in print (fee for shipping/handling).
(key words: biotech innovation, genetic engineering, GM crops, GMO)

 
 
Ag quickCASTs - 59-QC - March 2018

This one-page Ag quickCAST contains excerpted material from its companion CAST document (IP 59), Regulatory Barriers to the Development of Innovative Agricultural Biotechnology by Small Businesses and Universities. AVAILABLE ONLINE ONLY.

 
 
CAST Commentaries - QTA2017-1 - June 2017

Pollinators are responsible for about 1/3 of our human diet by volume. Although honey bees are one of nearly 20,000 bee species, they support more than $19B in food and crop production in the United States each year. A serious decline in honey bee health has significant implications for agriculture. This paper provides a summary of the scientific issues, current research, and recommendations related to bee health, as well as opportunities for beekeepers, land managers, crop producers, homeowners, and policymakers to engage in helping understand and address the problems to ultimately restore healthy populations of honey bees and other pollinators. Chair: Marla Spivak, University of Minnesota. QTA2017-1, 16 pp., June 2017, AVAILABLE ONLINE ONLY.

 
 
Ag quickCASTs - QTA2017-1 QC - June 2017

This one-page Ag quickCAST contains excerpted material from its companion CAST document, Why Does Bee Health Matter? The Science Surrounding Honey Bee Health Concerns and What We Can Do About It. AVAILABLE ONLINE ONLY.

 
 
Issue Papers - IP58 - April 2017

Crop Protection Contributions toward Agricultural Productivity is a paper in the series on The Need for Agricultural Innovation to Sustainably Feed the World by 2050. Many rely on just a few to provide food and fiber—and crop protection techniques are a major factor in this essential productivity. Innovation and a push for the development of integrated plant protection technologies must continue to provide effective, economical, and efficient pest management. The authors of this CAST Issue Paper examine the current plant protection revolution that is driven by the biological realities of pesticide resistance, various market forces, and real or perceived side effects of pesticides. This science-based review considers many plant protection trends, considers new technologies, and examines current biotech advancements. Chair: Susan Ratcliffe, University of Illinois, Urbana. IP58, April 2017, 20 pp. FREE. Available online and in print (fee for shipping/handling).
(Key Words: seed treatments, IPM, insect management, weed management, plant pathogens, biologicals, PIPs)

 
 
Ag quickCASTs - 58-QC - April 2017

This one-page Ag quickCAST contains excerpted material from its companion CAST document (IP 58), Crop Protection Contributions toward Agricultural Productivity. AVAILABLE ONLINE ONLY.

 
 
Issue Papers - IP57 - March 2017

Plant Breeding and Genetics is a paper in the series on The Need for Agricultural Innovation to Sustainably Feed the World by 2050. Humans depend on plants for food, feed, fiber, and fuel—as well as less tangible aspects of life such as aesthetics and environmental stability. This paper is the first in a series that connects science and technology to agriculture, and it focuses on the critical importance of innovation in plant breeding to meet the challenge of providing food and nutritional security to humankind. Key areas covered include (1) the science of plant breeding and genetics; (2) the need for encouraging the next generation of scientists; (3) the current role of government policy and regulations; and (4) the need for cooperation and collaboration at all levels, including the public-private nexus. Co-chairs: P. Stephen Baenziger, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and Rita H. Mumm, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. IP57, March 2017, 24 pp. FREE. Available online and in print (fee for shipping/handling).
(Key Words: genetic technologies, genetic variation, phenotyping, hybridization, molecular biology, regulatory oversight, genomics, haploidy, cultivar)

 
 
Ag quickCASTs - 57-QC - March 2017

This one-page Ag quickCAST contains excerpted material from its companion CAST document (IP 57), Plant Breeding and Genetics. AVAILABLE ONLINE ONLY.

 
 
CAST Commentaries - QTA2016-2 - December 2016

This brief report outlines the main economic effects of the observed asynchrony in approvals for biotech-improved crops from regulatory systems in countries that are major global commodity exporters and importers. Initially the authors describe the work of scientists from a range of academic disciplines who use a variety of modeling and analytical techniques to approach this general question. In the next section the authors discuss in detail the question at hand and why it is so important to producers and consumers worldwide. The report then describes concrete research results in several relevant areas, including the effects on trade, downstream industries, the adoption of biotechnology innovations, biotech investment and R&D, crop breeding, and farm income. Proposed policies that could decrease regulatory asynchrony and its impacts on the global agricultural economy are also discussed. Chair: Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes, University of Missouri-Columbia. QTA2016-2, 12 pp., December 2016. AVAILABLE ONLINE ONLY.

Mandarin Chinese translation also available as download (click link).

Click here to view the presentation of the paper by Dr. Kalaitzandonakes followed by the panel discussion. (CAST intro: 0:00 - 09:25; Presentation of Report: 09:26 - 39:49; Panel: 39:50 - 1:26:03)

 
 
Ag quickCASTs - QTA2016-2 QC - December 2016

This one-page Ag quickCAST contains excerpted material from its companion CAST document, The Impact of Asynchronous Approvals for Biotech Crops on Agricultural Sustainability, Trade, and Innovation. AVAILABLE ONLINE ONLY.