Publications Test

Issue Papers - IP62 - September 2018

Food Loss and Waste is a paper in the series on The Need for Agricultural Innovation to Sustainably Feed the World by 2050. Reducing food loss and waste (FLW) is one of the key strategies to combat hunger and sustainably feed the world. This paper provides a critical overview of U.S. FLW through an objective, balanced, and data-driven approach. There are four sections. First, the magnitude of the problem is described using four major data sources at the national level and the different scope and boundaries of these data are compared; there follows a discussion of the three fundamental resources for primary food production—land, water, and fertilizer—that are embedded in the lost and wasted food, plus other resource costs. Second, the authors discuss why FLW occurs, drawing attention to the many issues of the FLW problem at the consumer end—food-wasting behavior, the “whys,” and the interacting influence of psychological, social, cultural, and economic factors; they also describe major actions that are being taken across the nation to decrease FLW. Third, a hard look at existing data on the quantity of food waste prevention, recovery, and recycling is taken by compiling all major sources of data that could be located, providing a “reality check” on how well the country is performing on lessening FLW. Finally, the authors present an interpretative and critical analysis concerning three key issues: How can the United States work toward the 50% reduction goal by 2030 knowingly and confidently? What technological innovations may be game changers? What other approaches could be explored to influence consumer food behavior for the better? Chair: Zhengxia Dou, Clinical Studies/NBC, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. IP62, September 2018, 20 pp. FREE. Available online and in print (fee for shipping/handling).

 
 
Ag quickCASTs - QC-62 - September 2018

This one-page Ag quickCAST contains excerpted material from its companion CAST document, Food Loss and Waste.

 
 
Issue Papers - IP61 - July 2018

This publication serves to review what is known about poultry egg and meat production with specific attention to available research on free-range production systems. Stressors related to alternatively housed and managed birds, as well as the known advantages and disadvantages for farmers, are reviewed. Food quality and food safety in regard to poultry meat and eggs are often understood by farmers and consumers as one and the same. Clarification of food quality and food safety with regard to poultry production systems will be discussed. The role of farming systems in disease control is included in this discussion. Attention to the environmental system, soil contamination, and manure burdens placed on the land by free-range poultry is also considered. This consolidation of information is aimed at helping further the discussion of free-range poultry as it pertains to larger farming systems and the future of this growing field of niche market poultry production. Cochairs: Jacquie Jacob and Tony Pescatore, University of Kentucky. IP61, July 2018, 20 pp. FREE. Available online and in print (fee for shipping/handling).

 
 
Ag quickCASTs - 61-QC - July 2018

This one-page Ag quickCAST contains excerpted material from its companion CAST document, Impact of Free-Range Poultry Production Systems on Animal Health, Human Health, Productivity, Environment, Food Safety, and Animal Welfare Issues.

 
 
Issue Papers - IP60 - July 2018

Genome Editing in Agriculture: Methods, Applications, and Governance is a paper in the series on The Need for Agricultural Innovation to Sustainably Feed the World by 2050. Genome editing is a powerful new method that enables unprecedented control over genetic material and offers the opportunity to make rapid advances in basic and applied biology. This issue paper describes how genome editing is performed, the types of “edits” that can be made, how the process relates to traditional breeding and conventional genetic engineering, and the potential limitations of the approach. The paper also presents an overview of the current landscape of governance of genome editing, including existing regulations, international agreements, and standards and codes of conduct, as well as a discussion of factors that affect governance, including comparison with other approaches to genetic modification, environmental and animal welfare impacts of specific applications, values of producers and consumers, and economic impacts, among others. Chair: Adam J. Bogdanove, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. IP60, July 2018, 24 pp. FREE. Available online and in print (fee for shipping/handling).

 
 
Ag quickCASTs - 60-QC - July 2018

This one-page Ag quickCAST contains excerpted material from its companion CAST document, Genome Editing in Agriculture: Methods, Applications, and Governance.

 
 
Special Publications - SP32 - May 2018

This publication presents a robust narrative on the family of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids—a narrative that not only includes their biochemistry, but also encompasses potential health effects, dietary sources, recommended intakes, and federal regulations regarding health and nutrient claims—so readers can make informed decisions on if and how they can better incorporate these nutrients in promoting a healthier lifestyle. Project Manager/Lead Author: Don Beitz, Iowa State University. SP32, May 2018, 50 pp. $20.00 U.S. (plus shipping).

This one-page Ag quickCAST contains excerpted materials from SP32.

ORDERING: CAST members receive free download access and may request one free printed copy + $10 S&H. CAST nonmembers may receive downloads for $10 and printed copies for $20 + $10 S&H. Quantity discounts are offered for purchases of 6+ copies of the same publication sent to a single address. Orders of 6 through 99 copies are discounted 25% from listed prices. Orders of 100 or more copies are discounted 35%.  Please contact the CAST office to place a discounted order.

LINK TO PRESENTATION (Dr. Beitz presented highlights at the American Society of Oil Chemists Annual Meeting, May 8, 2018)

 
 
Ag quickCASTs - 32-QC - May 2018

This one-page Ag quickCAST contains excerpted material from its companion CAST document, Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Health Benefits and Dietary Recommendations. (SP32)

 
 
Task Force Reports - R143 - April 2018

Many conflicting values and norms in our society related to the use of animals lead to increasing disagreements about what constitutes a “good life” for the animals in our care. Broadly speaking, applied ethicists have discussed two different approaches to this topic—one focuses on the consequences of using animals in particular ways, and the other on the morality of that use, regardless of the consequences. These two positions are reflected in the “animal welfare” and “animal rights” views, respectively. Another ethical perspective is that animals are owed a good standard of care because of the benefits we derive from them. Nevertheless, understanding both the science and the ethics of animal welfare is critical to understanding and reconciling differing perspectives about animal care and use. This task force report addresses the issue by examining these key topics: the current issues facing agricultural animal production, insights into the origins of current welfare concerns, major scientific advances that have occurred since the 1997 CAST Task Force Report, and outstanding challenges and priority areas for future research, coordination, and outreach relative to agricultural animal welfare. Cochairs: Candace Croney, Purdue University; Joy Mench, University of California-Davis; and William Muir, Purdue University. R143, April 2018, ISBN 978-1-887383-37-9, 52 pp., $50.00. 

ORDERING: CAST members receive free download access and may request one free printed copy + $10 S&H. CAST nonmembers may receive downloads for $10 and printed copies for $50 + $10 S&H. Quantity discounts are offered for purchases of 6+ copies of the same publication sent to a single address. Orders of 6 through 99 copies are discounted 25% from listed prices. Orders of 100 or more copies are discounted 35%.  Please contact the CAST office to place a discounted order.

 
 
Ag quickCASTs - 143-QC - April 2018

This one-page Ag quickCAST contains excerpted material from its companion CAST document, Scientific, Ethical, and Economic Aspects of Farm Animal Welfare. (R143)