Issue Papers

Issue Papers - IP58 - April 2017

Crop Protection Contributions toward Agricultural Productivity is a paper in the series on The Need for Agricultural Innovation to Sustainably Feed the World by 2050. Many rely on just a few to provide food and fiber—and crop protection techniques are a major factor in this essential productivity. Innovation and a push for the development of integrated plant protection technologies must continue to provide effective, economical, and efficient pest management. The authors of this CAST Issue Paper examine the current plant protection revolution that is driven by the biological realities of pesticide resistance, various market forces, and real or perceived side effects of pesticides. This science-based review considers many plant protection trends, considers new technologies, and examines current biotech advancements. Chair: Susan Ratcliffe, University of Illinois, Urbana. IP58, April 2017, 20 pp. FREE. Available online and in print (fee for shipping/handling).
(Key Words: seed treatments, IPM, insect management, weed management, plant pathogens, biologicals, PIPs)

Issue Papers - IP57 - March 2017

Plant Breeding and Genetics is a paper in the series on The Need for Agricultural Innovation to Sustainably Feed the World by 2050. Humans depend on plants for food, feed, fiber, and fuel—as well as less tangible aspects of life such as aesthetics and environmental stability. This paper is the first in a series that connects science and technology to agriculture, and it focuses on the critical importance of innovation in plant breeding to meet the challenge of providing food and nutritional security to humankind. Key areas covered include (1) the science of plant breeding and genetics; (2) the need for encouraging the next generation of scientists; (3) the current role of government policy and regulations; and (4) the need for cooperation and collaboration at all levels, including the public-private nexus. Co-chairs: P. Stephen Baenziger, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and Rita H. Mumm, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. IP57, March 2017, 24 pp. FREE. Available online and in print (fee for shipping/handling).
(Key Words: genetic technologies, genetic variation, phenotyping, hybridization, molecular biology, regulatory oversight, genomics, haploidy, cultivar)

Issue Papers - IP56-SPA - June 2016

A los niños se les enseña la frase “eres lo que comes” y esta frase se repite posteriormente a lo largo de la vida. Este dicho habla de la íntima conexión entre lo que el individuo decide comer y su salud—y hasta su identidad. Dada la actual cadena de suministro alimentaria, predominantemente global, los consumidores no pueden observar los procesos de producción de los alimentos que consumen. Con frecuencia, los consumidores se ven expuestos a etiquetas que comunican aspectos específicos del proceso de producción de alimentos. El progreso en la ciencia y la tecnología agrícola ha sido de beneficio, tanto para los productores como para los consumidores y será necesario para mejorar la condición de los pobres en los Estados Unidos y el resto del mundo. Este artículo de CAST examina lo que se sabe sobre las reacciones de los consumidores ante las etiquetas de proceso, identifica un marco legal en este sentido y por último, presenta directrices de políticas que ponen en relieve en qué momento el etiquetado de proceso es de beneficio o puede ser perjudicial para el sector agrícola y las personas que consumen los alimentos que éste produce. Chair: Kent D. Messer, Department of Applied Economics and Statistics, University of Delaware, Newark. IP56, October 2015, 16 pp. Gratuito. Disponible en línea e impreso (Cuota de envío y manejo).