News

Below is our archive of news articles.

August 20, 2009

Cloning and transgenesis may sound like science fiction to some people, but both are reproductive technologies currently used in livestock production.  This new CAST Issue Paper, Animal Productivity and Genetic Diversity: Cloned and Transgenic Animals, explains these technologies and their applications and addresses consumer and regulatory concerns surrounding their use.  This is Part 8 of a 9-part CAST series, Animal Agriculture's Future through Biotechnology.  (August 2009)

July 17, 2009

CAST is releasing a new, comprehensive review of soybean research findings, Sustainability of U.S. Soybean Production: Conventional, Transgenic, and Organic Production Systems. The authors indicate that all three of the soybean systems discussed in the report are environmentally sustainable and can be managed for profit when proper practices and technologies are used. Results of this literature review indicate that production practices are evolving to ensure the continued environmental and economic sustainability of soybean production in the United States. (July 2009)

March 16, 2009

The use of individual gestation accommodations (IGAs) for dry sows in commercial pork production is an issue that has generated intense public debate.In an effort to provide objective, scientific information on the subject, CAST is releasing this new Issue Paper, Scientific Assessment of the Welfare of Dry Sows Kept in Individual Accommodations. The international Task Force provides an authoritative review of the available scientific literature as well as expert opinion on the topic of overall humaneness of IGAs.(March 2009)

January 27, 2009

The final paper in a series of three, Ruminant Carcass Disposal Options for Routine and Catastrophic Mortality provides a critical, scientific assessment of the predominant methods for carcass disposal in commercial ruminant production. The authors discuss the strengths and limitations of each of the established disposal methods. The paper includes an Appendix that addresses special considerations for disposal of carcasses potentially infected with neurodegenerative diseases. (January 2009)
January 23, 2009
This Special Publication is a collaborative effort of CAST and the National Pork Board to provide a comprehensive literature review on the Fate and Transport of Zoonotic Bacterial, Viral, and Parasitic Pathogens During Swine Manure Treatment, Storage, and Land Application. This publication provides an overview of swine manure management systems and addresses concerns about the potential for pork production facilities to disseminate pathogenic microorganisms into the surrounding environment. (December 2008)
October 24, 2008

The Renewable Fuel Standard in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 requires the domestic use of 1 billion gallons of biomass-based diesel fuel by 2012, most of which likely will be biodiesel.  Biodiesel production in the United States is primarily from soybean oil, but recent high prices have forced many producers to use lower-cost feedstocks such as animal fats and used frying oils.  This new CAST Commentary, Convergence of Agriculture and Energy: III. Considerations in Biodiesel Production, reviews the technology of biodiesel production and the issues and policy implications associated with its expanded use and production. (October 2008)
October 21, 2008

Carcass disposal is a major problem facing poultry meat and egg producers.  Each of the current and emerging methods provides a means of disposal, but each offers different advantages to make it the preferred method under specific circumstances.  CAST's newest Issue Paper, Poultry Carcass Disposal Options for Routine and Catastrophic Mortality, evaluates the methods, practices, and strategies for safe and environmentally sound disposal of poultry carcasses.  (October 2008)
September 15, 2008

Alfalfa is an introduced, cultivated species in North America and the fourth largest U.S. crop by land area. Although the majority of the domestic market is not sensitive to genetically engineered alfalfa, much of the export hay and seed markets are sensitive to adventitious presence. The new CAST Special Publication Gene Flow in Alfalfa: Biology, Mitigation, and Potential Impact on Production provides an overview of agronomic practices and biology to be considered in developing strategies that allow producers of conventional, organic, and biotechnology-derived alfalfa to coexist in the marketplace.  (September 2008)

August 12, 2008
Disease has contributed significantly to the decline of bighorn sheep populations throughout much of western North America, imperiling some populations and subspecies.  Pasteurellosis Transmission Risks between Domestic and Wild Sheep is a new Commentary from CAST that reviews current knowledge on pneumonic pasteurellosis in domestic and wild sheep, the risks of transmission between these species, and approaches for lowering the overall risk of epidemics in wild sheep. (August 2008)
July 1, 2008
Safe, effective disposal of swine carcasses in both routine and catastrophic circumstances is essential for human and animal health, environmental protection, and aesthetics. Swine Carcass Disposal Options for Routine and Catastrophic Mortality, a new Issue Paper from CAST, describes traditional disposal methods (burial, incineration, rendering, and composting) as well as alternative and nontraditional technologies (extended storage, alkaline hydrolysis, anaerobic digestion, and gasification). (July 2008)
May 5, 2008
Vaccine Development Using Recombinant DNA Technology is the seventh in a nine-part CAST series entitled Animal Agriculture's Future through Biotechnology.  Infectious animal diseases continue to rank foremost among the significant factors limiting efficient production in animal agriculture.  This new Issue Paper provides details about specific diseases and vaccines.  The authors offer an historical overview of vaccine development, evaluate the development of vaccines for many animals, describe commercially available vaccines, outline recent advances in recombinant vaccines, and discuss the future of vaccines for animal diseases. (May 2008)
March 19, 2008
Water Quality and Quantity Issues for Turfgrasses in Urban Landscapes, a new CAST Special Publication, is the result of a workshop at which scientists, researchers, environmentalists, and water specialists joined together to discuss the issues facing the turfgrass and water industries.  This publication addresses the science of turfgrass and other landscape materials, water use, and the related environmental concerns, while realizing that the ultimate goal is to provide quality urban areas for activities and recreation while conserving and protecting our water supply. (March 2008)
December 12, 2007

Implications of Gene Flow in the Scale-up and Commercial Use of Biotechnology-derived Crops: Economic and Policy Considerations identifies the nature of gene flow related to biotech crops and the limited conditions under which it can lead to economic problems.  The Issue Paper addresses regulatory, policy, and research topics in the context of gene flow of biotech crops. (December 2007)

November 5, 2007

Several candidate biofuel feedstock species being considered for commercial production in the United States are invasive pests in other regions where they have been introduced.  This new CAST Commentary, Biofuel Feedstocks: The Risk of Future Invasions, describes the potential risk of dedicated biofuel species becoming weedy or invasive and provides a process to quantify and minimize this risk. (November 2007)

October 30, 2007

Avian influenza (AI), a viral disease of poultry, has a complex epidemiology, and the correct use of poultry vaccines is a critical component of overall control and eradication. CAST is releasing two new publications, Avian Influenza Vaccines: Focusing on H5N1 High Pathogenicity Avian Influenza (HPAI), with a Comprehensive Bibliography (Special Publication) and Avian Influenza Vaccinations: A Commentary Focusing on H5N1 High Pathogenicity Avian Influenza (CAST Commentary), that discuss the science of avian influenza vaccination and the art of controlling avian influenza.  The Special Publication also offers an analysis of previous AI vaccine campaigns. (October 2007)

October 30, 2007

Avian influenza (AI), a viral disease of poultry, has a complex epidemiology, and the correct use of poultry vaccines is a critical component of overall control and eradication. CAST is releasing two new publications, Avian Influenza Vaccines: Focusing on H5N1 High Pathogenicity Avian Influenza (HPAI), with a Comprehensive Bibliography (Special Publication) and Avian Influenza Vaccinations: A Commentary Focusing on H5N1 High Pathogenicity Avian Influenza (CAST Commentary), that discuss the science of avian influenza vaccination and the art of controlling avian influenza.  The Special Publication also offers an analysis of previous AI vaccine campaigns. (October 2007)

October 17, 2007

Whereas current biofuel production in the United States relies primarily on corn grain conversion to ethanol, future systems are expected to depend more heavily on crop biomass than on grain and seed.  Convergence of Agriculture and Energy: II. Producing Cellulosic Biomass for Biofuels addresses several critical questions on current issues and offers solutions for the future.  (October 2007) 

October 11, 2007
Probiotics: Their Potential to Impact Human Health addresses the biological processes and physiological benefits of probiotics. Written and reviewed by an international scientific task force, this new paper provides an overview of current developments and regulations and a preview of future applications. (October 2007)
May 14, 2007
The Role of Transgenic Livestock in the Treatment of Human Disease is the newest Issue Paper from CAST.  The authors describe the potential for transgenic livestock to advance the development of new medications and treatments of human disease and offer a brief overview of current production methods and challenges.  (May 2007)
July 12, 2006
Because the safety and availability of high-quality food and animal feedstuffs are critical to populations worldwide, CAST has published a new paper that addresses these issues.  Safety of Meat, Milk, and Eggs from Animals Fed Crops Derived from Modern Biotechnology is part 5 in a 9-part series “Animal Agriculture’s Future through Biotechnology.”  (July 2006)
July 12, 2006
Food animals are fed and produced for the purpose of feeding humans, and the manure of these animals is a valuable source of fertilizer. But concentrations of certain manure nutrients may exceed the needs for plant growth and cause environmental pollution.  The newest issue paper from CAST, Biotechnological Approaches to Manure Nutrient Management, looks at the resulting complex relationships among the animal industry, society, and governmental agencies.  (July 2006)
July 27, 2005
Agricultural scientists, livestock producers and processors, and consumers all have an interest in the effects of compounds known as metabolic modifiers. The newest Issue Paper from CAST provides an in-depth review of the classification, characteristics, and effects of these compounds. (July 2005)
February 17, 2005
A new Issue Paper, written and reviewed by a Task Force of seven leading experts in the field examines the nature of ethics as applied to agriculture. Among the topics discussed in relation to ethics are food safety and security, international trade, agricultural biotechnology, research, and public trust in science. (February 17, 2005)
February 15, 2005
CAST has called on the expertise and experience of scientists and researchers on the front lines of fighting animal diseases to produce its newest Issue Paper, . The paper discusses the severe economic, social, and political impacts of disease outbreaks and outlines national and international monitoring, surveillance, and response practices. (February 15, 2005)

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